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Special Collections in the History of Medicine

New Jersey Osteopathic Society
(A.K.A., New Jersey Association of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons)
Records, 1901 - 1985

February 1991; Revised, June 2004
88-12, 91-94, 93-125


NJOS Bulletin

The New Jersey Osteopathic Society was organized in 1901 and incorporated in 1903. Its aim was "to cooperate with the American Osteopathic Association, to advance the science of osteopathy in New Jersey, and to unite its practitioners more closely in objects of mutual interest and advantage." The Society subsequently grew. In 1904, it had 41 members; in 1983 it had 836.

Legislation regulating the practice of osteopathy in New Jersey was first passed in 1913. This required licensing and established procedures for securing it. This initial legislation, however, did not establish parity between allopathic medicine and osteopathy. This generated conflict between practitioners of both, culminating in the 1935 Uniform Licensing Act.

The organization changed its name in 1948 to the New Jersey Association of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons.

Scope and Content Note

The records of the New Jersey Osteopathic Society (later known as the New Jersey Association of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons) document the origin and development of the Society from its founding in 1901 to about 1985. The bulk of the material, however, concerns events in the 1930's, when osteopaths were engaged in a difficult struggle for equality within the medical profession. Correspondence, news clippings, and typescript reminiscences of participants document this phase of the organization's history. Other materials include, founding documents, membership records, Bulletins, and programs.

Of particular note are two loose-leaf notebooks (accession #91-94) compiled by Howard Levine, DO, President, NJAOPS, and Mr. Robert Chapman, Executive Director, NJAOPS, which document the Association's role in the founding in 1976 of the UMDNJ-School of Osteopathic Medicine on the Stratford Campus.

Other materials, including organizational records, relate to other matters. The researcher should note that the last eight file folders in the collection (#'s 41-48) consist of manuscript notes and photocopied documents prepared by someone researching the history of NJOS before the collection was donated to UMDNJ. They are not, therefore, properly records of NJOS.

Corporate names associated with the collection include:

American Osteopathic Association
Eastern Osteopathic Association
New Jersey Association of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons
New Jersey Osteopathic Society
South New Jersey Osteopathic Society

Some personal names include:

W. Warren Barbour
J.M. Beaver, DO
Harry E. Bischolff
William C. Bugbee, DO
Mr. Robert Chapman
Frank Hague
Howard Levine, DO
Chester D. Losee, DO
Allan B. Randall, DO
Paul Preston Smith, DO
David R. Steinbaum, DO
William B. Wilson, DO

Provenance: Gifts of Robert Thompson, Ed.D., 1988, 1991, 1993

Size of Collection: 1.5 linear feet


11Certificate of Incorporation of the New Jersey Osteopathic Society, 1903.
2Organizational Records. Constitution and by-laws and amended version thereof, 1903, 1937.
3Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Incorporation and Change of Name, 1948, (Change of organization's name to New Jersey Association of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons.)
4List of NJOS Officers, 1901-1985, with dates of service.
5List of Presidents and Secretaries, 1901-1959. Date of election; location of meeting; also, letter, Chester D. Losee to R.P. Chapman, July 6, 1960, concerning the compilation and verification of this list.
6Membership Records, 1901-1936. Manuscript notebooks (cover missing) providing names, dues payments, contributions, and frequent annotation regarding individual members.
7Members (and non-members), 1936. Typescript and published list of 1936, membership by county. Also identifies by county practitioners not members of NJOS.
8Members (and non-members), 1938-1939. Essex County and vicinity.
9Membership List, undated.
10Presidential Address, 3rd Annual Meeting, 1905.
11Executive Committee. Minutes (& supporting documents), 1936, 1938, 1939. Includes treasurer's reports, legal, and committee reports.
12Correspondence, 1930. Concerns arrests of osteopaths and how difficulties with medical inspectors may be avoided.
13Correspondence, 1932-1934. Concerns providing service to crippled children and relations with the Board of Medical Examiners. Includes a T.L.S., Harry E. Bischoff to Dr. David R. Steinbaum, Oct. 19, 1933. Bischoff was a member of the NJ Assembly.
14Correspondence, 1935. Concerns legislative matters; FERA discrimination against osteopaths; lobbying efforts for legislation favorable to the osteopathic profession.
15Correspondence, 1936. Concerns discriminatory aspects of New Deal programs at the state level; lobbying; various legal difficulties confronting osteopaths.
16Correspondence, 1937. Includes a copy of the Burke-Drew Bill of 1937 to amend the Employees Compensation Act to include services provided by osteopaths; licensing and testing procedures.
17Correspondence, 1938-1939. Concerns licensing. Includes T.L.S., W. Warren Barbour to Dr. Allan B. Randall, Oct. 24, 1938. Barbour was U.S. Senator from NJ.
18Bulletins, 1937. Information sheets or newsletters to NJOS members; notices of upcoming meetings; includes blank NJOS membership form.
19Bulletins, 1940. Pamphlet newsletter and supplement. Includes advertisements as well as information; NJOS election materials for officers.
20Bulletins, 1941-1944. Includes information on county organizations; essays on osteopathy; upcoming conventions; including the effects of the outbreak of WWII on the osteopathic profession.
21Programs, 1925-1926. For dinner meetings of NJOS held at Newark and Morristown.
22Programs, 1932. Dinner meetings held in Newark.
23Programs, 1933.
24Programs, 1934.
25Programs, 1935.
26Programs, 1944. For 44th Annual fall meeting, a three-day conference in Atlantic City.
227Bugbee, William C., DO. "Observations in Retrospect," memoir of his years of membership in and service to NJOS. Special attention is devoted to the controversial 1930's.
28Losee, Chester D., DO. Miscellaneous Papers. One item of correspondence of interest is an application for and a permit to use alcohol under the Prohibition Act.
29Beaven, JM, DO, and Wilson, William B., DO. "Happenings" (outlined reminiscences).
30Smith, Paul Preston, DO. "Our Battle for Equal Practice Rights for DO's in New Jersey from 1930-1935"
Detailed information on the struggle for the 1935 bill, including Mayor Hague's role.
31Steinbaum, David, DO. Miscellaneous Papers concerning dues collection; children with spinal problems; publicity campaign.
32Eastern Osteopathic Association. Convention Programs, 1928, 1929, 1932. Programs for regional Association meetings in New York City. Includes membership card of Dr. Chester Losee, 1932.)
33Southern New Jersey Osteopathic Society, 1931. Miscellaneous correspondence emanating from the Southern NJ organization.
34"An Act to Regulate the Practice of Osteopathy in the State of New Jersey ...," 1913. 2 copies.
35"Uniform Licensing Act", 1935. 2 copies and summary of the Law.
36State Board of Medical Examiners of New Jersey. "Essentials for Approval of the Hospital Intern Year ...," Revised, Oct. 9. 1935.
37Information and application concerning certification by the American Osteopathic Board of Internists, n.d.
38War Health Committee. "Osteopathy and War Injuries: A Discussion by a Layman." November 1942.
39Miscellaneous Printed Material on Osteopathy. Includes "The Blotter" of the New York Osteopathic Society (Set. 1922); "Osteopathic Round Table (Dec. 1921); "Osteopathic Truth" (Sept. 1919); "Fountain Head News" (July 14, 1922) and various news clippings; also, "The Buckeye Osteopath (Sept. 1933).
40"100 Years of Osteopathic Medicine," 1978, 63 pp.
41"Journal of Medical Society of New Jersey," (copies of articles, 1899-1913, concerning osteopathy.
42Copies of articles (various dates) published in the "Journal of the American Osteopathic Association." (Many concern legislation in various states.)
43Copies of items in "Newark Evening News" (1915-1942) per osteopathic medicine.
44Miscellaneous notes on the history of osteopathic medicine in New Jersey.
45Notes from NJOS Bulletin (1928-1935).
46Notes on Annual Reports of the NJ Board of Medical Examiners (1890- ).
47Notes concerning the first 113 DO's in NJ.
48Notes on Minutes of the NJ Board of Medical Examiners (1920- ).
31New Jersey Osteopathic Society. Scrapbook of clippings compiled by members documenting their osteopathic concerns of the times (especially noteworthy-fox trotting), 1914. [93-125]
2New Jersey Association of Osteopathic Physicians & Surgeons. Official proposal for the creation of a School of Osteopathic Medicine in South Jersey, 1974 [91-94]. In binder. Howard Levine, DO, President, NJAOS, and Mr. Robert Chapman, Executive Director, NJAOPS prepared the documents.
3New Jersey Association of Osteopathic Physicians & Surgeons. Presentation volume for Dr. Jo Ann Finley, NJ Commissioner of Health, in support of the Association's request for a Certificate of Need to establish the osteopathic school, 1976-77 [91-94]. In binder.

For reference service and information contact:

Robert Vietrogoski
Special Collections
(973) 972-7830
FAX (973) 972-7474 Copyright © 2013, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (Further Copyright Information)